To the Internet and Beyond

  An underlying principle of economics is scarcity. Resources (time and money) are limited and, from a corporation’s perspective, they thus need to be delegated towards  the market which will provide the greatest return. This market is known as the lowest common denominator. In an industrial business model, this means sacrificing potential sales from niche markets […]

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Node Wars: the Logic of Decentralisation Awakens

In the year 1829, the metropolitan police force was established. Prior to this, law enforcement had been ‘lacking in organisation’ (ibid). London’s population grew exponentially between the 18th and 19th centuries, which initiated difficulties in coordination and control. Initially society was policed by parliament; effectively the King himself (source). This proved ineffective due to the […]

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At the core of the internet is . . . no core?

A teacher in high school once told me that the way to win a war was not through nukes and weapons. He told us that wiping out a country’s electricity was the way to really break them, ‘they’d be screwed!’ It makes total sense; the electricity system is comprised of central hubs which create and distribute […]

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Breaking Enigma

Shifts in perceptions of time and space occurred during World War II when Nazi Germany implemented the enigma machine to relay all sorts of communications within its military. An enigma is operated through circuits which scramble typed letters  randomly to a contact on the other side. Three to four wheels of letters are generally used. […]

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